FDA approves rapid HIV test at home

“Rapid HIV tests are not 100% reliable. Although, these tests help in relaxing someone with their uncertainty when they are unable to visit a doctor”

HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) does not show symptoms in the early stages, anyone who feels that they have had exposure to the virus should visit the doctor even if they don’t have any symptoms. A person can expose to HIV by having unprotected sex with an HIV patient or sharing the same needle to inject as that of any HIV patient. 

HIV AIDS weakens the immune system

HIV is a virus, that transmits through blood, breast milk, and sexual fluid (semen, rectal and vaginal fluid). If left untreated, HIV can progress to advance stages which is called AIDS. AIDS Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome is a serious health condition wherein the immune system of any person is significantly weakened, as the HIV virus attacks only on body’s immune system. AIDS comes under STDs (Sexually Transmitted Diseases). After coming in contact with HIV, not everyone will show symptoms. Symptoms do occur after 4 – 6 weeks of being exposed to the virus. 

In India cases of HIV AIDS were at their peak two decades back. But now it’s not the same. People are now very much aware of its preventive measure along with the consequences. It is not curable but an easily preventable disease. One can sustain a normal life expectancy with its early detection. Early detection can help in avoiding advanced stages or immunocompromised situations. Right now prevention is the best treatment available.

In-Home HIV testing

HIV testing is an important procedure, safe and reliable test is crucial. FDA has approved Ora Quick In-Home HIV test. It acts by testing fluid from a person’s mouth and deliver results in 20 minutes. It is a quick at-home antibody test. Other tests available for HIV testing are Nucleic Acid Test (NAT) and antigen/antibody test. NAT acts by diagnosing the HIV virus present in blood and antibody test diagnose the presence of a specific antibody. Antibody test can detect HIV after 25 – 90 days of exposure to the virus. But these tests are not 100% reliable. FDA reports that Ora Quick In-Home HIV test gives one false-positive result for every 5000 tests and one false negative for every 12 tests on people without HIV and with HIV respectively. These HIV tests can only help to relax someone of their uncertainty as early as possible. 

As these at-home tests are not 100% correct, one should take a follow-up test from a healthcare professional for sure. If the Ora Quick In-Home HIV test result is negative and the person is having symptoms of HIV, then definitely the person needs further investigation from any professional healthcare for confirmation of the result. 

Scientists have done a lot of research for the vaccine but unfortunately, there is no vaccine available till date. We can only prevent ourselves by following preventive measures. The basic treatment is possible by which people with HIV can have a normal life expectancy. 

Tags : #MyHealth #HIVAIDS #HIVtestathome #NATforHIV #Medicircle #SmitaKumar

About the Author


Renu Gupta

With a background in Pharmacy which is the clinical health science that links medical science with chemistry, I had the desire to mix creativity to these fields. Medicircle provides me an avenue to apply my training in science and interest in creativity together.

Related Stories

Loading Please wait...
-Advertisements-


Trending Now

PM addresses the Nation today, announces free vaccinesJune 07, 2021
Why inhalers are best for treating asthma, well illustrated by Dr. Anil SingalMay 12, 2021
Dr. Rohan Palshetkar shares his invaluable insights about the Maternal Mortality Rate causes and improvements in India April 29, 2021
It is important to adopt a non-judgmental attitude towards any teenage girl seeking contraceptive advise suggests Dr. Teena Trivedi, Obstetrician and GynecologistApril 16, 2021
80% of the diseases are psychosomatic which means they have roots in the mind and this is where homeopathy steps in - It resolves physical ailments by finding the cause in the mind – Dr. Sanket Dhuri, Consultant Homeopath April 14, 2021
A futuristic Vision of a Healthcare Entrepreneur: Shyatto Raha, CEO, and Founder of MyHealthcareApril 12, 2021
Saher Mehdi, Founder and Chief Scientist at wellOwise talks about aspects making healthcare more equitable and reachableApril 10, 2021
Wide variety of therapies to address autism in children explained by Dr. Shilpa Jasubhai, Clinical PsychologistApril 09, 2021
Allopathic and Homeopathic medicines should not be taken together says Dr. Sunil Mehra, Homeopath ConsultantApril 08, 2021
The charm of homeopathic medicine is that it can be taken with conventional medicines – Dr. Shruthi Shridhar, Consulting Homeopath April 08, 2021
Dissociative Identity Disorder and associated concepts explained by Dr. Vinod Kumar, Psychiatrist and Head of Mpower - The Centre (Bangalore) April 07, 2021
Dissociative Identity Disorder explained by Dr. Shilpa Jasubhai, Clinical PsychologistApril 05, 2021
Sehat Ki Baat, Karishma Ke Saath- Episode 6 Healthy Diet For Boosting Metabolism Which Can Help Thyroid Patients April 03, 2021
Significant Pointers on Kidney Health by Dr. Santosh Waigankar, Consultant Urooncologist and Robotic Surgeon at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani HospitalApril 01, 2021
Dr. Vaishal Kenia, Ophthalmologist Talks About the Different Possibilities Available for the Treatment of Glaucoma Depending Upon Their Type and SeverityMarch 30, 2021
No Definitive Role of Diet in Treatment of Lymphedema but Intake of Calories, Salt and Long Chain Fatty Acids should be controlled says Dr. Ramani CVMarch 30, 2021
Dr. Kiran Chandra Patro, Senior Nephrologist Talks About Dialysis as the Temporary Process and Not a Permanent Cure for the Patients of Renal DysfunctionMarch 30, 2021
Two out of three new chronic kidney disease patients are found to have diabetes or hypertension informs Dr. Sreeharsha HarinathaMarch 30, 2021
Glaucoma Treatment: Medications or Surgery? A valuable piece of advice from Dr. Pranay Kapdia, Chairman and Medical Director of Kapadia Eye CareMarch 25, 2021
Dr. Shraddha Satav, Consultant Ophthalmologist Recommends that Everybody After 40, Should Go for the Complete Eye Checkup at Regular IntervalMarch 25, 2021